False Solutions

In recent years, terms like “carbon neutral” and “net zero” are increasingly being used when discussing climate change. They refer to a state in which the amount of greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere by human activities minus the amount removed is zero.

What is fundamentally needed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is phase out fossil fuels such as coal and fossil gas, which emit huge amounts of greenhouse gases. Unfortunately, many so-called “carbon neutral” technologies currently being promoted will in fact enable the continued use of fossil fuels.

Examples include carbon capture and storage (CCS, technology to capture and store carbon from the atmosphere) and direct air capture (DAC, technology to directly capture CO2 from the atmosphere), and so-called “zero emission fuel” such as hydrogen and ammonia for co-firing with coal in the thermal power stations. These are being promoted but fail to address the root cause of the climate crisis. These technologies not only will not stop climate change, they also threaten to further accelerate other environmental problems such as biodiversity loss. This is why they are called “false solutions.”


Briefing: What is the CCS Business Act? Why is it Problematic?


Report Release: FoE US and OCI’s New report shows Japan, Korea, and US among worst fossil fuel financiers 


Joint Statement: Prime Minister Kishida should cooperate with the US and the Philippines for true decarbonization


Indonesian NGO Urges JBIC and NEXI to Stop Considering Support for Muara Loboh Geothermal Power Expansion Project “Do not support a project that harms the environment and communities and causes human rights violations under the name of a just energy transition!”


Press release: CSO demands both the Japanese and Malaysian government not to promote CCS – Exporting CO2 from Japan to Malaysia is Carbon Colonialism


Position Paper on the Application of the Energy Transition Mechanism for Cirebon Coal-Fired Power Plant Unit 1 in Indonesia:  We firmly reject the mechanism for the sake of huge greenwashing by major corporations, not for the sake of the climate, environment, and local communities


Briefing Note: Japan’s CCS (Carbon Capture and Storage) Policy


[Press Release] Asia-Pacific Civil Society Groups Submit an Open Letter to Prime Minister Kishida Before the ASEAN-Japan Special Summit and Organized an Asia-wide Action: Japan should seize the “Golden Opportunity” to phase out fossil fuels


PETITION: Immediately Stop Prolonging the Life of Fossil Fuels and Destroying the Environment and Livelihoods in Indonesia – Meaningful Participation of Local Communities and Civil Society in Just and Equitable Energy Transition