TOPIC

Coal

Coal-fired power generation is the method of power generation that emits the most CO2, the main cause of climate change. Coal-fired power generation has brought about the industrial revolution and continues to support human life, but it is also associated with problems of human rights issues and environmental pollution at mining sites as well as air pollution and climate change.

Since the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011 and the subsequent nuclear accident, the energy situation in Japan has changed dramatically. Since 2012, there has been a surge of plans to build new coal-fired power plants.Japan has been the only developed country in the world that has continued to build new coal-fired power plants since the Paris Agreement was signed.

In 2020, the Japanese government declared a “fade-out” of coal-fired power generation projects in the country, but the discussion has focused on eliminating what the government defines as low-efficiency coal, and there has been no discussion on the total elimination of coal-fired power generation.

Most of the coal used in Japan is imported from Australia and Indonesia. Coal has also caused various problems during mining. Fires and explosions often occur, and there are many coal mines with poor working conditions. In some cases, coal mining operations have caused catastrophic environmental destruction.

The Japanese government has positioned the active export of coal-fired power generation technology overseas, especially to developing countries, as a growth strategy and has supported the construction of new coal-fired power plants overseas. This government policy is being implemented by Japan’s public financial institutions, the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) and Nippon Export and Investment Insurance (NEXI). It is also very problematic that many of these publicly supported projects lack not only consideration for climate change, but also human rights and environmental and social considerations for the local communities.

2022.11.282022.11.28

Cirebon Coal Plant Unit 2, Indonesia: Residents Submit Opinion “JBIC Must Suspend Loan and Reexamine Examiner’s Findings”

2022.11.142022.11.14

[Joint Statement] Climate, Environment and Social Conditions Require a Further Earlier Closure of Cirebon Coal Plant Unit 1 and a Halt to the Commencement of Operation in Cirebon Unit 2 – Reaction to the Announcement of the 1st Early Closure Plan of Coal Power Plant in Indonesia

2022.11.012022.11.01

Indonesian CSOs Submit a Petition to the Japanese Government: “No more prolonging the lifespan of fossil fuel and destroying the environment and livelihoods in Indonesia in the name of a ‘Just Energy Transition'”

2022.06.242022.06.24

Joint Statement: Victory for local people and civil society! Japanese government announced to halt its supports for Matarbari 2 and Indramayu coal plants – Conversion to the false solutions, such as ammonia co-firing and gas-fired power, should be avoided –

2021.10.062021.10.06

JICA Must NOT Support Coal Plant in Indramayu, Indonesia!” CSOs Submitted the Petition to Japanese government (endorsed by 10860 Individuals from 114 Countries and 114 Organizations from 34 Countries) ahead of COP26

2021.07.162021.07.16

Japan must not be allowed to violate the G7 Leaders’ Statement- Supporting new Coal Plants in Indonesia and Bangladesh goes against the Agreement – CSOs Submitted the Statement to Japanese government (endorsed by 120 Organizations from 25 Countries)

2021.04.052021.04.05

JICA Must NOT Support Coal Plant in Indramayu, Indonesia! CSOs Submitted the Petition to Japanese government/JICA (endorsed by 8221 Individuals from 114 Countries and 112 Organizations from 34 Countries) ahead of PM Suga to Meet Biden in US

2021.02.022021.02.02

Five major insurers and asset managers say they are doing engagement with Mitsubishi Corporation – NGOs call for greater efforts to make Mitsubishi Corp. withdraw from new coal-fired power plant project in Vietnam

2021.01.252021.01.25

128 organizations from 39 countries demand Japanese government and companies to withdraw from Vung Ang 2 coal power plant project in Vietnam